There isn't much information about Ilya Pavlov's Multiart online. Tom Flynn seems to be about the only other person who's mentioned Ilya Pavlov and Multiart, and he did it as an aside. (Didier Cardon has translated Glenny's note into French (or copied it out from a French edition).) Like Flynn, I was disappointed that Glenny said so little about the illicit antiquities trade; but it was probably right for Glenny to concentrate on the others.
Glenny stated that '[t]he most important and lucrative trade of the Bulgarian secret service [DS] was smuggling - in drugs, in arms and in high tech'. (Obviously, I was pleased to read that a leading Bulgarian political scientist, Ivan Krastev, told Glenny that '[s]muggling is our cultural heritage'.)
Glenny (2009: 16) told how, armed with totalitarian state power, Communist Bulgarian intelligence (DS) appropriated the 'romantic tradition' of activity against the state (authorities or empires). The DS's monopoly-holding arms export company, Kintex, targeted conflict zones as markets.
At the end of the 1970s, the DS expanded Kintex by setting up the 'Covert Transit' Directorate. Its primary role was to smuggle weapons to African insurgent groups, but soon the channels were also being used for illegal people-trafficking, for drugs and even for the smuggling of works of art and antiquities.Bulgarian Military Counter-Intelligence ran the smuggling, General Petur Chergelanov ran military counter-intelligence, and Chergelanov's son-in-law was entrepreneur Ilya Pavlov.
.... In the other direction, some 80 per cent of heroin destined for the Western European market would cross into Bulgaria from Turkey... into the hands of the DS.
Glenny (2009: 18) went on to explain:
In 1988, a year before the collapse of communism, Ilya Pavlov himself registered Multiart, a company dedicated to the import and export of antiques and high art (using the secret channels established by the DS for selling arms through Kintex's Covert Transit Directorate). Business flourished...He also affirmed nationalist Balkan gangs' and paramilitaries' cooperation across ethnic boundaries. And there are continuing revelations about interconnections between the Turkish Deep State and Turkish nationalist paramilitaries, and the Kurdish nationalist paramilitary PKK.
These may undermine my attempts to find out the illicit antiquities trade's role in conflict(s) by planning antiquities smugglers' alliances and their smuggling routes (because at least some factions within all groups appear to cooperate with all other, even "enemy", groups). But confused and confusing horror is better than confident but inaccurate horror.
I'll keep digging.
Glenny, M. 2009: McMafia: Seriously organised crime. London: Vintage.